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Hyperthyroidism—Symptoms and Treatments

Hyperthyroidism—Symptoms and Treatments

Hyperthyroidism refers to any condition where the body produces too much thyroid hormone. Simply put, the thyroid gland is overactive. The term thyrotoxicosis is also used to refer to high thyroid hormone levels in the bloodstream, irrespective of their source.

A Physician can perform a physical examination to detect an enlarged thyroid gland and a rapid pulse for diagnosis. Moist, smooth skin, and tremors of fingers can also be checked. Reflexes are likely to be fast and the eyes may have some abnormalities.


Thyroid hormone plays a significant role in the processes of the body’s metabolism. If there’s too much thyroid hormone, every function of the body may also speed up. Consequently, some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism are:

  • nervousness, irritability, anxiety, difficulty sleeping;
  • increased sweating, heart racing, hand tremors;
  • thinning of your skin, fine brittle hair, weakness in your muscles;
  • frequent bowel movements and weight loss; and
  • (for women) menstrual flow may lighten and menstrual periods may occur less often.

A Primary Care in Lanham, Maryland can help determine these symptoms and give professional advice on how to manage them.


  • Drugs.
    Antithyroid agents such as Methimazole and Propylthiouracil (PTU) may be prescribed. These drugs should block the thyroid gland’s ability to make new thyroid hormones.
  • Radioactive Iodine.
    In this method, a radioactive thyroid is administered by mouth to reach the bloodstream and destroy the thyroid cells that make thyroid hormone.
  • Surgery.
    Permanent treatment of hyperthyroidism is by surgical removal of all or most of the thyroid gland. You may visit a Clinic in Maryland to get a professional consultation.

Lanham Primary Care aims to provide comprehensive care to adults through high-end medical technology.

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